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Country Report in Chinese Taipei
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Demography

The population in our country is about 22,627,000; 49% are women.  The average life expectancy age is 75.5, ranking 36th globally.  The average life expectancy of women is 78.94 years which is five years more than men.  Senior citizens (age 65 and over) make up about 9.24% of the total population.  Elderly women who need long –term care are 2% more than men.  This has become an important issue among elderly women.  Statistics indicate that currently, more women are receiving higher education (college and university or above) than men.  The female labour force rate was 47.1% in 2003.  Most of the non-labour women concentrate on homemaking (56%).  The proportion of gross domestic product (GDP) contributed by women was 63% to that men.  This is mainly due to the fact that housework/homemaking was not accounted for.

 There are no big differences when looking at women’s occupations between professionals and blue-collar workers.  However, according to one research, when looking at the industry structure, women tend to cluster toward social and personal service industries.  Women are also encouraged to participate in public services and religious activities, so many of them here spend a lot of time as philanthropists or volunteers.  In 2003, the number of female volunteers was 40,326.  Their efforts were equivalent to $19,356,480 USD in economic value.

 Women’s groups are the most important agent to advocate for the rights of women.  Because of this, and the commitment of the current ruling party, a quarter of the ministers in the cabinet and 22% of legislators are women.

 On a global perspective, Taiwan’s development in gender equality is 21st on the Gender Empowerment Measurement and 23rd on the Gender Development Index.

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