Other Gender Works
Chinese Taipei has passed several laws regarding the rights of women in the last ten years. The “Law against Sexual Violence” (1997) and “Law of Protections from Domestic Violence” (1998) were passed to safeguard woman and children from abuse and sexual harassment. Victims receive assistance such as shelter protection, micro-financing, job training and support from the government & NGOs for filing lawsuits. The “Gender Equality in Employment Law” (2002) was passed to protect women from hostile working environments such as sexual discrimination and harassment. The “Gender Equity in Education Law” (2004) was passed in June this year. It is a direct response to the Beijing Platform’s “Ensuring Equal Access to Education” and “Developing Non-discriminatory Education and Training.”
The website WWW.apecgender.org was set up to help people understand what APEC is and how to integrate gender issues into APEC. This website serves as a platform cultivating gender issues, and getting the GFPN colleagues involved. The e-paper “Women in Chinese Taipei” will also be sent to GFPN for reference.
Gender Experts Database
The Gender Experts database has collected all the information on various experts in the academic, civil society and governmental fields. Its function is to help those in need of gender-related professional advice and lists the names, email addresses, contact number, and their expertise. All of the information will be presented in Chinese and English, and completed by the end of this year.
Women Entrepreneurship and Micro-Credit
Micro-entrepreneurship has been booming here. Most of the female entrepreneurs are from the younger generation and attained higher degree in education which is different from other developing countries. Statistics from the first quarter of 2003 indicated that 1,242 women received micro-entrepreneurship loans. Almost one-fourth of the all applicants granted loans were women. Female entrepreneurs received nearly a quarter of the allocated funds ($30,869,394 USD). Most of these women operated in retail, food and dining industries.
The government has facilitated all kinds of support measures to encourage female self-starters. The “Free and Young Program” focuses on women whom are less than 45 years of age; “Incubator Centers” are designed to teach high-tech start ups; and there is also job training for women who are interested in hair-styling and how to run food stands, just to name a few. “SME Incubation Extension Course for Women” provides know-how skills to women who want to become entrepreneurs and an estimated 100 women will benefit from the courses. “Mother Land” is the name of Chinese Taipei’s cooperation identity system (CIS), used for promoting woman-based agricultural enterprises located in both rural and suburban areas. Stories about female entrepreneurs are scheduled to be published by the end of this year, and will be available to the public.
Women’s Empowerment and Capacity Building
The Programs for Women’s Empowerment: it combines the resources of public and private sectors to provide women with localized and multiple empowerment programs. For example, the establishment of community women welfare center, legal consultant, gender education, lifelong learning, training for women leaders and the organization of international conferences like APEC symposium.
The Incentives for Encouraging the Participation of Women in Politics: this actively encourages women to participate in the public sectors and government holds various courses to cultivate women leaders. We expect more women to be actively involved in public affairs through these training programs, as well as set role models for others in this traditionally male-dominated arena.
Measures to Decrease the Digital Gap
Computer Courses: to design free or low-cost computer courses for disadvantaged women to help them enter the workplace.
“e-Taiwan” Project: our government acknowledges the digital gap and it has become a national policy to bridge the gap, using public and privates resources. The aim is to eliminate gaps caused by gender, ethnicity, geography and other factors through a community based approach.
Ethnic Information Programs: we design information programs from an ethnic perspective for aboriginal and Hakka women.
Empowerment of Aboriginal Women
Following the guidelines of “increase education for aboriginal women’s self-progress” and “create opportunities for aboriginal women to start up business or enter the labour market,” we have provide many training and learning programs for aboriginal women. For example, the “Program for Cultivate Aboriginals’ Abilities in International Affairs”, “Program for Aboriginal Information Education” and “International Cultural Activities for Young College Aboriginals.” The development of the aboriginal craft industry is highly emphasized in this area.