Although the collapse of Communism ostensibly had changed everything in Russia, many Russian women still have to struggle with some problems such as violence against women, single mothers, alcoholism, and abortion. As for women’s participation in the labor market, women earn only 40% as much as men, and their unemployment rate is three times higher in the average. The Commission on Women's Affairs of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation has been working on ways to integrate gender perspectives into the legislation and many other tasks to provide more protection for women’s rights. Russian Federation State Duma Committee on Women, Family, and Youth is another official sector to address gender issues. Other ministries which directly concern with women-related policies include the Ministry for Labor and Social Policy, the Ministry for Public Health and Medical Industry, the Ministry of Public Education, and the Department on Migration Policy. There are also several NGOs working on improving Russian women’s status. For example, AESOP, Aksin'ia Association of Women Journalists, Moscow Center for Gender Studies, Petersburg Center for Gender Issues, and Women's Innovation Fund East-West.