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Gender Analysis
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Sex-Disaggregated Data


I: Overall

The illiteracy rate in 2002 among people aged over 15 was 1.27% for men and 6.74% for women, which was due to the illiteracy rate among old women of 39.79%.

Except the higher education of graduate and doctorate education in 2001, the educational opportunities for men and women from kindergarten to university are almost equal

   Source: Education Statistics, 2001 http://www.edu.tw/unit/uni01.htm

From the chart above, we can see the girls take a smaller portion in private kindergartens than they do in the public ones.  Ratio for girls at private elementary schools and junior high schools is lower than the ratio in each level.  (Newborn baby girls between the 35 years from 1966 to 2001 is between 47.55% and 48.61%.)  The situation is worst in private junior high schools where girls take only 43.66%, which indicates that parents tend to have girls go to public kindergartens and schools with lower expenses in the pre-education period while at the same time, prefer to have boys study at expensive private kindergartens, elementary schools and junior high schools.

Ratio of girl students at public senior schools is 49.64%, slightly lower than that of boys.

Ratios of boy students at public vocational high schools, colleges and universities are higher than that of girls as 54.89%, 53.13% and 52.96% respectively. They focus on departments of technology and skills (see following chart) on which the government spends more money than on departments of arts and social science.

           Source: Education Statistics, 2001 http://www.edu.tw/unit/uni01.htm

 

Girls take a larger portion in private vocational high schools, colleges and universities at 50.84%, 54.62% and 51.06% respectively.  Number of girl students at nursing departments in private vocational schools is 96.30% among the total students in these departments of both private and public schools.  Girl students are 96.77% of total students.  Based on this, it is estimated that number of girl students in nursing and child care departments at colleges will tend to go up.

 

 

           Source: Education Statistics, 2001 http://www.edu.tw/unit/uni01.htm

 

Ratio of girl students studying in graduate schools in 2002-2003 is 36.90% while female graduates takes up 32.36%.  That of girl students in doctorate schools is 24.10% with 22.94% of female graduated students.  The numbers are much higher than those in 2001-2002.

 

Overall, parents in Taiwan still prefer boys over girls on the investment in educaiton and there are still sex stereotypes in our society.  The inequality of sexes among departments is still serious while the allocation of educational resources is not even on two sexes.

 

II: Aborigines

 

The illiteracy rate among aborigines aged 15-65 is 3.4% for men and 8.5% for women; 54.6% for boys at elementary and junior high schools, 55.6% for girls at elementary and junior high schools; 32.9% for boys at senior (vocational) high schools, 27.6% for girls at senior (vocational) high schools; 9.0% for boys and 8.2% for girls among colleges and above in 2000.  However, the ratio among new generation (aged between 15- 29) is 0.3% for both men and women; 50.3% for boys at senior (vocational) high schools, 50.1% for girls at senior (vocational) high schools.  This is almost equal between two sexes.  The ratio among college students and above is 11.8% for men and 16.2% for women.

 

The educational attainment for aborigines aged 15 and above is mostly lower than elementary school (61.1%), followed by senior (vocational) high schools (30.3%) and only 8.6% for colleges and above, which is 16.2% lower than 24.8% of overall population aged 15 and above.  This is around the level in 1980 (20 years ago) and it is clear that the educational level of aborigines needs to be improved.

 

              Sources: 1. Household Consensus by Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics,  Executive Yuan, 2000   http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/census~n/six/lue5/cen8906.htm

                               2. Monthly of Budget Accounting and Statistics, July 2003, p. 60

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